Infotainment

What will happen to Earth if Humans disappear ?

1) Several hours after humanity disappears lights all around the world will start to shut down. Since most power station work on fossil fuel but without people there won’t be anybody to charge them so they will stop.

2) 48 hours after registering a sudden drop in energy consumption nuclear power plants will switch to safety modes.

3) When mills will keep working until the lubricant runs out a solar panel will also eventually become useless.

4) Nearly every region except for the one supplied by hydro-electric power stations will have their power cut off.

5) On the west of the united states the generators of hoover dam are activated by the water flow from Lake Mead, thus it can be left unattended for several months or even years.

6) Two or three days after Humans vanish from the planet most metros in the world are going to be flooded because the pumps that protect them from the underground waters won’t work without people.

7) After 10 days, pets locked at home will start dying of starvation and dehydration. Billions of chickens and millions of cows, as well as other farm animals, will be dead.

8) In the brutal world of real wildlife, there won’t be a niche for decorative cats and dog breed they will be the first to die out.

9) About a month after Humans disappear all cooling water on nuclear power stations will be evaporated. This will lead to a series of explosions much stronger than the Fukushima and Chernobyl disasters.

10) Millions of animals will die of cancer but overall the planet will recover from the radioactive contamination rather fast and easily.

11) One year after people disappear, strange stars will start to fall from the sky. During our space history, we took dozens of thousands of objects to the Earth’s orbit the highest satellites will fall after many years.

12) After 25 years, three-quarters or all squares and sidewalks will be covered with vegetation.

13) Where there are plants there are herbivorous animals and where there is pray there was always a predator.

14) The surviving dogs will cross with the wolves that come to the former cities.

15) Without us, the air will become much cleaner. In some cities, the visibility range will become several times longer.

16) Cities like Dubai and Las Vegas will be buried in sand the desert will take what belongs to it.

17) After 300 years metal constructions such as the Eiffel Tower or steel bridges will start to break since for all these years there won’t be anybody around to paint and protect from corrosion.

18) Steel rods in armed concrete will bloat up to three times of their initial thickness and the last tall buildings will go down.

19) Vas swamps which formerly occupied America will reappear and hundreds of bird and animal species will return to their unfairly taken home.

20) Large marine animals will also be very glad not to see us. In the absence of humans, Whales will thrive and reproduce to the maximum of the ocean’s capacity to feed them. This is how modern cities will look after 500 years without people.

21) After 10,000 years the only reminiscence that people were here someday will be the remains of a few stone constructions among which the pyramids in Egypt and the Great Wall of China, mount Rushmore national memorial will be there, almost intact for several hundreds of thousands of years

22) In 50 million years plastic bottles and pieces of broken glass will be the last traces of our civilization. and In another 50 million years they will be gone as well as you can see our planet is quite sturdy and can get rid of all of our trash.

23) If after 300 million years or later there will be a new rational species, they might not even notice there was a civilization before.

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Infotainment

Forget skyscrapers – the world’s most beautiful buildings are underground

The United Nations says that the world population will quintuple by 2300.

That means cities are about to get very crowded. More than half of humanity already lives in cities, and by 2050, at least two-thirds of the population will call cities home.

In major cities like San Francisco, the demand for housing is outpacing the ability to supply houses. But that growing population will need places to stay.

One solution: building underground or into the existing landscape, whether that’s a hill or a cliff. Lots of cities already have subterranean spaces, but as urban areas become more crammed, you can expect these spaces to multiply.

Take a look at some of the world’s most unique marvels that are built into the ground and cliffs.

The Iconic Santorini Hotel in Imerovigli, Greece, has a pool that’s embedded inside a cave. The cliffside overlooks the Mediterranean ocean.

The Iconic Santorini Hotel in Imerovigli, Greece, has a pool that's embedded inside a cave. The cliffside overlooks the Mediterranean ocean.


Rocky homes line the cliff face in Nevsehir, Turkey, also known as the Cappadocia region. The area is popular with tourists for its Byzantine art and large network of underground Bronze Age troglodyte dwellings.

Rocky homes line the cliff face in Nevsehir, Turkey, also known as the Cappadocia region. The area is popular with tourists for its Byzantine art and large network of underground Bronze Age troglodyte dwellings.


For a more modern take on a troglodyte dwelling, Les Hautes Roches is a five-star hotel constructed inside a limestone cliff. The lavishly decorated rooms overlook the Loire River.

For a more modern take on a troglodyte dwelling, Les Hautes Roches is a five-star hotel constructed inside a limestone cliff. The lavishly decorated rooms overlook the Loire River.


This 400-foot-deep amusement park was constructed in a former salt mine in Romania, called the Salina Turda. Inside, you can ride an underground ferris wheel, paddle in a lake, play ping pong, and see performances at an amphitheater.

This 400-foot-deep amusement park was constructed in a former salt mine in Romania, called the Salina Turda. Inside, you can ride an underground ferris wheel, paddle in a lake, play ping pong, and see performances at an amphitheater.


Built into subterranean rock, the Temppeliaukio Church in Helsinki boasts a glazed dome just above ground level that lets ample sunlight into the interior. Those rough rock walls were left untouched by the designers for a reason: naturally great acoustics make the church a perfect venue for concerts.

Built into subterranean rock, the Temppeliaukio Church in Helsinki boasts a glazed dome just above ground level that lets ample sunlight into the interior. Those rough rock walls were left untouched by the designers for a reason: naturally great acoustics make the church a perfect venue for concerts.


In this southern Tunisia village, locals live in traditional troglodyte dwellings — cave houses — created by scraping away rocks. There is even a subterranean hotel.

In this southern Tunisia village, locals live in traditional troglodyte dwellings — cave houses — created by scraping away rocks. There is even a subterranean hotel.


This house on the Greek island of Antiparos sits right where two slopes meet. Two long stone walls bridge the hills, allowing the house to naturally blend in the space.

This house on the Greek island of Antiparos sits right where two slopes meet. Two long stone walls bridge the hills, allowing the house to naturally blend in the space.


Built in 2009 in memory of a Korean poet, the Earth House in Seoul has two courtyards connecting six single rooms, a kitchen, a study, and a bathroom with a wooden tub and toilet.

Built in 2009 in memory of a Korean poet, the Earth House in Seoul has two courtyards connecting six single rooms, a kitchen, a study, and a bathroom with a wooden tub and toilet.


This home in Glaumbær, Iceland is an example of a “turf house”— a highly-insulated building that has a stone foundation and layers of turf built around the sides.

This home in Glaumbær, Iceland is an example of a "turf house"— a highly-insulated building that has a stone foundation and layers of turf built around the sides.


In Poland, 800 steps lead down a shaft to this space, which holds an art gallery, health resort, and massive halls that host weddings and conferences. This 13-century marvel was once a salt mine.

In Poland, 800 steps lead down a shaft to this space, which holds an art gallery, health resort, and massive halls that host weddings and conferences. This 13-century marvel was once a salt mine.


Built in 1996, this hobbit-like house in the Welsh countryside is a tunnel under a turf roof. The three-bedroom house with stunning ocean views resembles a home featured in a famous British children’s TV show — locals call it the Teletubby house.

Built in 1996, this hobbit-like house in the Welsh countryside is a tunnel under a turf roof. The three-bedroom house with stunning ocean views resembles a home featured in a famous British children’s TV show — locals call it the Teletubby house.


This “buried” this museum is on Naoshima, Japan’s “art island.” Small concrete openings and geometrical skylights dot the greenery.

This "buried" this museum is on Naoshima, Japan's "art island." Small concrete openings and geometrical skylights dot the greenery.


The residents of Coober Pedy in Australia move underground to pray. The Serbian Orthodox Church, built in 1993, is carved in the sandstone and has a community hall, a parish house, and even a school.

The residents of Coober Pedy in Australia move underground to pray. The Serbian Orthodox Church, built in 1993, is carved in the sandstone and has a community hall, a parish house, and even a school.


Created by architect Peter Vetsch, this Swiss home is an example of an “earth house” — a type of home built into the ground that relies partially on surrounding terrain for walls.

Created by architect Peter Vetsch, this Swiss home is an example of an "earth house" — a type of home built into the ground that relies partially on surrounding terrain for walls.

Source: Business Insider

Infotainment

Ski India, the country’s biggest indoor snow park is beautiful but it also uses 10,000 litres of water daily

Delhi, the national capital continues its unbearable streak of scorching heat with daily temperatures that go well over 40 degrees. At a time when the residents of the city struggle to keep their cool amidst the sweat, dust and frequent power cuts; news of the opening of India’s biggest indoor snow park in neighbouring Noida comes as a much needed respite.

Modelled after Ski Dubai, Asia’s biggest indoor ski resort, Ski India is quite the successor with a host of rides and attractions for people of all ages, temperatures that are as low as -15 degrees, a sci-fi theme and a massive area of 100,000 sq. feet. (In comparison, Ski Dubai located at the Mall of Emirates, is twice the size)

Launched on April 26, it takes up the fifth and sixth floor at the all-newDLF Mall of India with an illuminating wormhole portal at the entry.

As Priyanka Jain, Co-Founder and Business Development Head of Ski India told us, the idea behind this was to give people a feeling that they were ‘entering a different planet as they walk up the stairs.’


Making the park a reality involved an investment of 70 crores. “Our aim was to create something adventurous in India and as we were inspired by Ski Dubai, we decided to take the plunge and go a step further than what we did with Snow World,” she added.

(Priyanka and brother Prasuk R. Jain, who is the Co-Founder and Managing Director of Ski India are also behind Snow World, Mumbai’s first indoor snow park located at Phoenix Market City Kurla. Launched four years ago, the park was built on a much smaller scale and is merely 25,000 sq feet.)

She also claimed that the park has a capacity of 3,000 people and can cater to 500 people at a time. “Last Sunday, we saw a footfall of about 1700 people,” she added.

The attractions at Ski India include an ice-skating rink, a ski track, slopes for tube rides, sledging and tobogganing, a stunningly done up cave that doubles up as the kids play area and a guarantee of uninterrupted snowfall as long as you’re inside. There’s also a separate snow play area for when you want to make snow angels or whip snow balls at your friends.


At Rs 1200 per person, you can try out as many activities you want inside the park for as many times as you want. The cost includes a pair of gloves, shoes, jackets and a separate pair of shoes incase you go skating inside.

Each session lasts for 1 hour 45 minutes – with the first session starting at about 11 am and the last session for the day starting at 9 pm.

The Ski India staff stands at about 100 at the moment, though the management is still hiring and looking to fill up some more positions. They are divided in two teams- one that greets you outside and helps you wear your gloves, shoes and jacket while giving you clear instructions regarding slippery floors, the cold inside and the other being the set of people who accompany you inside and help you juggle between the activities you wish to do inside.

“As most of the people we’ve hired here have very little idea of how such a setup works, we’ve even gotten some of our staff members from our Mumbai snow park to teach the newbies the ropes,” she explained.

To get a better sense of the place, we tried out the rides and activities ourselves and were pleasantly pleased about Ski India delivering on the promise of taking you to a whole other world. The temperature inside gives you a fleeting joy of being at a hill-station and is a perfect spot for family outings. However, there were more than enough safety concerns inside the park especially on the 100 feet slope meant for skiing where one wrong move can ensure a grave injury.

There’s another problem with Ski India. When asked about the USP of the park, Priyanka was quick to reply, “The two USPs of Ski India is undoubtedly the fact that we don’t have an age limit, allowing anyone who’s willing to go inside and the interrupted snowfall one gets to experience once inside.”

An indoor snow park of about 100,000 sq. feet naturally requires an enormous amount of snow- which also results in massive consumption of water.

“We use about 10,000 litres of water every day at the moment because we ensure that the snowfall is made available 24 hours to the customer as we are just starting out,” Priyanka informed us, adding that once the snowfall hours are reduced, the park will be requiring less water. “Maybe about 2,000 litres per day,” she added nonchalantly.

Though it would be unfair to single out Ski India on the alarming amount of water usage for its daily functioning considering water parks are also guilty of using similar amounts of water on a daily basis, it certainly is a reminder that recreation spots such as these do come at a cost- one that requires some pondering on, especially at a time when parts of the country are reeling from one of the worst droughts ever witnessed.

Incase you were wondering, the park also rakes up an electricity bill of 20 lakhs per month.

Image credit: Ski India

(For more details, visit their website here)

Source: Business Insider

Infotainment

10 Facts about Dead Sea

Dead Sea

1. The surface and shores of the Dead Sea are 423 metres (1,388 ft) below sea level, making it Earth’s lowest elevation on land.

2. The Dead Sea is 377 m (1,237 ft) deep, making it the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. A hypersaline lake is a landlocked body of water that contains significant concentrations of sodium chloride or other mineral salts, with saline levels surpassing that of ocean water.

3. With 33.7% salinity, the Dead Sea is one of the world’s saltiest bodies of water. Although Lake Assal (Djibouti), Garabogazköl and some hypersaline lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica (such as Don Juan Pond) have reported higher salinities.

4. The Dead Sea’s unusually high salt concentration means that people can easily float in the Dead Sea due to natural buoyancy. In this respect the Dead Sea is similar to the Great Salt Lake in Utah in the United States.

5. The Dead Sea is roughly 8.6 times saltier than the ocean. This salinity makes for a harsh environment in which animals cannot flourish (hence its name). The high salinity prevents macroscopic aquatic organisms such as fish and aquatic plants from living in it, though minuscule quantities of bacteria and microbial fungi are present.

6. The Dead Sea is 67 kilometres (42 mi) long and 18 kilometres (11 mi) wide at its widest point. It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley and its main tributary is the Jordan River.

7. The Dead Sea area has become a major center for health research and treatment for several reasons. The mineral content of the water, the very low content of pollens and other allergens in the atmosphere, the reduced ultraviolet component of solar radiation, and the higher atmospheric pressure at this great depth each have specific health effects.

8. Biblically, the Dead Sea was a place of refuge for King David. It was one of the world’s first health resorts (for Herod the Great), and it has been the supplier of a wide variety of products, from balms for Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilizers.

9. An unusual feature of the Dead Sea is its discharge of asphalt. From deep seeps, the Dead Sea constantly spits up small pebbles and blocks of the black substance. Asphalt coated figurines and bitumen coated Neolithic skulls from archaeological sites have been found. Egyptian mummification processes used asphalt imported from the Dead Sea region.

10. The world’s lowest road, Highway 90, runs along the Israeli and West Bank shores of the Dead Sea at 393 m (1,289 ft) below sea level.1. The surface and shores of the Dead Sea are 423 metres (1,388 ft) below sea level, making it Earth’s lowest elevation on land.

2. The Dead Sea is 377 m (1,237 ft) deep, making it the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. A hypersaline lake is a landlocked body of water that contains significant concentrations of sodium chloride or other mineral salts, with saline levels surpassing that of ocean water.

3. With 33.7% salinity, the Dead Sea is one of the world’s saltiest bodies of water. Although Lake Assal (Djibouti), Garabogazköl and some hypersaline lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica (such as Don Juan Pond) have reported higher salinities.

4. The Dead Sea’s unusually high salt concentration means that people can easily float in the Dead Sea due to natural buoyancy. In this respect the Dead Sea is similar to the Great Salt Lake in Utah in the United States.

5. The Dead Sea is roughly 8.6 times saltier than the ocean. This salinity makes for a harsh environment in which animals cannot flourish (hence its name). The high salinity prevents macroscopic aquatic organisms such as fish and aquatic plants from living in it, though minuscule quantities of bacteria and microbial fungi are present.

6. The Dead Sea is 67 kilometres (42 mi) long and 18 kilometres (11 mi) wide at its widest point. It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley and its main tributary is the Jordan River.

7. The Dead Sea area has become a major center for health research and treatment for several reasons. The mineral content of the water, the very low content of pollens and other allergens in the atmosphere, the reduced ultraviolet component of solar radiation, and the higher atmospheric pressure at this great depth each have specific health effects.

8. Biblically, the Dead Sea was a place of refuge for King David. It was one of the world’s first health resorts (for Herod the Great), and it has been the supplier of a wide variety of products, from balms for Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilizers.

9. An unusual feature of the Dead Sea is its discharge of asphalt. From deep seeps, the Dead Sea constantly spits up small pebbles and blocks of the black substance. Asphalt coated figurines and bitumen coated Neolithic skulls from archaeological sites have been found. Egyptian mummification processes used asphalt imported from the Dead Sea region.

10. The world’s lowest road, Highway 90, runs along the Israeli and West Bank shores of the Dead Sea at 393 m (1,289 ft) below sea level.

Dead Sea Satellite Image

Infotainment

These could be the first science textbooks students actually want to read

exoplanets xkcd

If you were bored to tears in high school science classes, these could be the books you wish you had.

On March 21, the New York Times reported that Houghton Mifflin Harcourt is publishing a flotilla of high school science textbooks that will feature webcomics by xkcd creator Randall Munroe.

Specifically, the illustrations will come from Munroe’s book “Thing Explainer: Complicated Stuff in Simple Words.”

Peggy Smith-Herbst, senior vice-president of the publishing house’s Math and Science Studios, told the Times that she had an “a-ha moment” while looking at proofs for “Thing Explainer,” also published by the company.

It’s pretty easy to see why the simple illustrations might appeal to high schoolers.

For example, see how this brief-but-brilliant diagram explains what we know about exoplanets:

Ars Technica reported that the illustrations will include “Pieces Everything is Made Of,” about the periodic table.

It will also include “Tiny Bags of Water You’re Made Of,” which explains cells:

The comics, done in Munroe’s distinctly simple, humorous, and somewhat absurd style, will appear in chemistry, biology, and physics textbooks,according to Mashable.

Check out the PDFs of the pages here. Trust us, they’re worth your time – even if high school is a distant memory. (You might even learn something.)

Munroe is a former NASA physicist-turned-cartoonist also wrote the bestselling “What If? Serious Scientific Answers to Absurd Hypothetical Questions,” which is a great read if you’ve ever wondered about the physics of Yoda.

The textbooks are set to be released in 2017.

Source: Business Insider

Infotainment

Love Mumbai: This cool installation will be every Mumbaikar’s favourite selfie-spot

After giving Delhi its first public art district in Lodhi Colony, St+art India is set to make Mumbai all the more beautiful with one of its installations finding a permanent place in the city.

The ‘Love Mumbai’ typography installation was showcased in this year’s Kala Ghoda Festival in Mumbai and has been designed by Hitesh Malaviya and Hanif Kureshi.

St+Art India had written to the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation requesting that the installation be given a permanent home in the city and was joined by Humans of Bombay which started a petition to make it a part of the city landscape.

And, finally their answers were heard on Wednesday when Aditya Thackeray, head of Shiv Sena’s youth wing announced on Facebook that the installation will be permanently displayed at the Bandra Reclamation Promenade.

He also wrote that he was in love with the installation.

Well, we seem to agree, because we were awestruck on first look too!

Rest assured, this installation will be every Mumbaikar’s new favourite thing to Instagram and take a selfie with!

Source: Business Insider

Infotainment

12 Surprising Facts about Albert Einstein

During his life, Albert Einstein transformed the world of physics. He was recognised countless times for his contributions to the sciences and was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921.

Born March 14, 1879, the German-born scientist was one of the most significant individuals of the 20th century.

In celebration of his birthday, here are 12 things you probably never knew about Albert Einstein.

He was offered the presidency of Israel — and declined.

He was offered the presidency of Israel — and declined.=

Despite the generous offer, Einstein declined the presidency of Israel in 1952. In his reply, he said: “I am deeply moved by the offer from our State of Israel, and at once saddened and ashamed that I cannot accept it. All my life I have dealt with objective matters, hence I lack both the natural aptitude and the experience to deal properly with people and to exercise official functions”.

Einstein died because he said no to life-saving surgery.

On April 17, 1955, Einstein experienced an abdominal aortic aneurysm, resulting in internal bleeding. Upon being offered surgery, he said: “I want to go when I want. It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share, it is time to go. I will do it elegantly.”
He died the following day.

His brain was illegally removed from his body and then lost for 50 years.

His brain was illegally removed from his body and then lost for 50 years.
Dr. Thomas Stolz Harvey was the doctor who carried out the autopsy of Einstein, but no paperwork was ever found assigning Harvey to the procedure. The autopsy was performed illegal.

Seven hours after Einstein’s death, Harvey set about removing Einstein’s brain — despite his final wishes stating to be cremated with his brain intact — and kept it for himself, but no one knows why.

You can read the full story story here on Business Insider.

Contrary to popular belief, he never failed maths.

Contrary to popular belief, he never failed maths.
In 1935, the “Ripley’s Believe It Or Not!” newspaper published an article headlined “Greatest living mathematician failed in mathematics,” and the claim is still passed around to this day.
Einstein never failed maths. He was shown the article and laughed: “I never failed in mathematics. Before I was 15 I had mastered differential and integral calculus.”
The young Einstein was actually at the top of most of his classes and far exceeded the expectations of his teachers.

He had a daughter with his first wife, but there’s no official record of what happened to her.

He had a daughter with his first wife, but there's no official record of what happened to her.
Liersel Einstein was the first child of Albert and his first wife, Mileva Maric. The only record of Liersel is in correspondence letters between her parents.
She was born out of wedlock in January 1902 and was not spoken of much. She’s thought to have died September 1903 from scarlet fever.
Liersel is believed to have been born with mental disabilities and was last mentioned in a letter from Albert to Mileva, dated 19 September 1903, which suggested they were planning on giving her up for adoption before her death. “As what is the child registered?” asked Einstein. “We must take precautions that problems don’t arise for her later.”

After his first wife, he went on to marry his first cousin, Elsa.

After his first wife, he went on to marry his first cousin, Elsa.
Albert eventually married Elsa, but they actually started dating while Albert was still married to his first wife, Mileva.
Einstein’s divorce from Mileva wasn’t finalised until 1919, seven years after he started dating his cousin.

He didn’t win the Nobel prize for his most famous theory.

He didn't win the Nobel prize for his most famous theory.
Einstein’s work on his famous theory of relativity isn’t what won him the Nobel prize, it was his “services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect.”

All the money from the prize went to his first wife as a divorce settlement.

All the money from the prize went to his first wife as a divorce settlement.
As part of the divorce settlement, the couple agreed that the money from the prize he anticipated he would win would go into a savings account for their sons, Hans and Eduard.
The money was eventually used to buy three houses in Zurich — one for Mileva to live in, and two others as investments.

His eyes remain in a safe box in NYC.

Not only did the doctor who illegally performed Einstein’s autopsy steal his brain, he also stole his eyes. He gave the eyes to Einstein’s eye doctor, Henry Abrams. They are kept in a safety deposit box in New York City to this day.

He was the inspiration for Yoda.

He was the inspiration for Yoda.
Stuart Freeborn, the movie makeup artist who created Yoda, modelled the jedi’s face on his own, but added wrinkles inspired by Einstein to Yoda’s eyes to denote wisdom and intelligence

One of Einstein’s most famous quotes is completely misinterpreted.

“God does not play dice with the universe” is one of Einstein’s most famous and somewhat cryptic quotes.

His reference to God often causes people to assume he was religious — he wasn’t. He was using God as a metaphor. In a letter he wrote in 1954, he said:

I do not believe in a personal God and I have never denied this but have expressed it clearly. If something is in me which can be called religious then it is the unbounded admiration for the structure of the world so far as our science can reveal it.

And when Einstein said “does not play dice,” he was referring to the unpredictable nature of subatomic particles in quantum physics.

In short, the quote aims to outline how weird quantum mechanics is as a theory. You can read more on Tech Insider.

Einstein’s main passion wasn’t science.

Einstein's main passion wasn't science.
Despite all his other talents and achievements, music was what made Einstein happiest. He never travelled without his violin and once said: “Life without playing music is inconceivable for me. I live my daydreams in music. I see my life in terms of music. I get most joy in life out of music.”

Source: Business Insider